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The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.

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They became aggann, and their bodies burned with fever. While the story of the world’s beginning is considered a myth, on the other hand, the Buddhist doctrine requires a constant sceptical approach, where one must see and prove it before one believes it ehipassiko. They grieved on the rising of evil amongst their people. This order was created by the people’s wish and need, based on the Dhamma and not from others.

And there they dwell, mind-made, feeding on delight, self-luminous, moving through the air, glorious — and they stay like that for a very long time.

They became preoccupied in tending their own field. Their body was still coarse and roughly shaped. And as they continued to feed on the fungus, so their bodies became coarser still, and the difference in their looks increased still more. It was the colour of fine ghee or butter, and it was very sweet, like pure wild honey.

Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies

These things are unskillful, blameworthy, not to be cultivated, unworthy of the noble ones—and are reckoned as such. In the third part, the Buddha explained about the origin of Castes, their titles, and their order in the society system which were still rigidly effective in Buddha’s time. At a time of expansion, the beings from the Abhassara Brahma world, having died from there, are mostly reborn in this world.


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The Buddha explains that caste and lineage cannot be compared to the achievement of morality practice and the Dhamma, as anyone from the four castes can become a monk and reach the state aggannx Arahant.

The Buddha quoted the verses of Brahma Agganba When they have obtained food they continue to meditate in the leaf huts. He also shows how the Buddha cuts through the Vedic myth of creation referred to in Gombrich.

Long Discourses 27 The Origin of the World. By this time, the body of the creatures had become finely evolved.

Devolution and Evolution in the Agganna Sutta | Sugunasiri | Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies

What was considered bad form in those days is now considered good form. Logically, as the four castes can do either negative demerit or positive merit deeds, so will the wise reject the statement that only the Brahmins are the best caste. They will even get into trouble from their own deeds, whatever their caste Brahmin, Khattiya, Vessa, and Sudda might be. So I have heard.

Then those beings approached the being among them who was most attractive, good-looking, lovely, and illustrious, and said: And the Sakyans are his vassals. And because they became arrogant and conceited about their looks, the sweet fungus disappeared. To this extent the world had evolved once more. The Buddha’s message was clear, however, that the best thing in the world is Truth Dhamma and everything is created, measured, and valued based on Truth and not from something other.

The aganna and honey-like rice flourished seeds abundantly. It was endowed with colour, smell and taste. King Pasenadi of Kosala knows that the ascetic Gotama has gone forth from the neighboring clan of the Sakyans. At first, the others only warned the culprit and the culprit promised that he would never repeat it again.


Previous The Wheel-Turning Monarch. Here they dwell, agganna, feeding on delight, self-luminous, moving through the air, glorious — and they stay like that for a very long time.

Aggañña Sutta

It had no powder or husk, pure and fragrant, with only the rice-grain. But so long as they ate that solid nectar, their bodies became more solid and they diverged in appearance; some beautiful, some ugly. In the second part of the Sutta, the Buddha tells the story of how autta beings came to dwell on Earth. The Shramana Gotama inspired awe and respect, while I do not.

Then some of those same beings thought: Not long afterwards, the creatures began to eat greedily, and due to the huge amount of the mud substance they could dutta on it for a very long time.

Some aristocrats kill living creatures, steal, and commit sexual misconduct. At a time of aggannna, the beings from the Abhassara Brahma world, [85] having passed away from there, are mostly reborn in this world. King Pasenadi of Kosala knows: Change the script of the Pali text This enables you to read the Pali text in various scripts.

They originated among these very dutta beings, like ourselves, no different, and aggannz accordance with Dhamma, not otherwise. Then another one came to him and said: All of the castes, from Brahmin, Khattiya, Vessa, and Sudda originated from these people, and not from others; in accordance to the Dhamma and not by others. And the females developed female sex-organs, and the males developed male organs. Due to this fever they had sex with each other.