Brevipalpus chilensis. Naming. Scientific name: Brevipalpus chilensis. Primary Common name: false grape mite. Alternate Common Name: Chile false red mite . Brevipalpus chilensis. Gary Bauchan. Chile false red mite of grapes. Brevipalpus chilensis. Beard et al. Chile false red mite of grapes. Brevipalpus chilensis. Scientific Name: Brevipalpus chilensis. Common Name: (Chilean False Red Mite ). MEM SPECIMEN DATA: None IMAGE: LINKS: Fact Sheet (Agricultural.
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A yellow discoloration occurs on the infested tissues accompanied by a reduction in size of the newer foliage. Under field conditions, it is surprising to discover how soon the mites move to newly established kiwifruit Actinidia deliciosa brecipalpus a fairly recently introduced crop from New Zealand into Chile from adjacent infested vineyards.
EPPO Global Database
Brevipalpus Brevipalpus phoenicis Scientific classification Kingdom: In terms of economic damage and because of its quarantine connotation, table grapes, Citrus spp. Chilean grape flat mite; grape flat mite Spanish: Chilean false red mite Brevipalpus chilensis. The species of citrus affected by the mite, including lemons Citrus limonoranges Citrus spp. USA quarantine fumigation measures have been extended to citrus and kiwifruits Actinidia deliciosawhereas cherimoyas Annona cherimola and other citrus fruits must be treated with wax Gonzalez, Furthermore, several of these mites are vectors for a variety of serious plant viruses.
Kiwifruits, notwithstanding their late arrival in Chile, were immediately subject to mite colonization, thus posing another quarantine problem to some importing countries, namely the USA. Growth Stages Top of page Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage.
However, they are subject to post-harvest mandatory fumigation treatments to importing markets such as Mexico and the USA. Red wine cultivars suffer the most due to false mite feeding through the spring and summer. Table grape cultivars, with the exception of a couple of old red varieties, are practically not attacked by the mite and bunches can be harvested without mobile stages on the berries. No twisting or distortion occurs. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.
Brevipalpus – Wikipedia
The latter character is only visible with phase contrast microscopy: A number of the hosts listed in nrevipalpus datasheet are hosts to both this species and the related privet mite, Brevipalpus obovatus. Four to five generations are known annually on wine grapes.
Chillensis fruit trees, the vines are the most economically affected crops, particularly red grape wine cultivars, which must be treated with chemical acaricides to deplete populations.
When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status.
Brevipalpus is a large, widespread genus, including over 65 species of very small flat mites. The forthcoming invasion of the leaves in early summer may produce leaf rolling and discoloration of the leaves; grape bunches are also damaged by feeding. They can be easily found in preferred host plants with the aid of a x15 magnification hand lens. The latter species is recognized as a major mite predator, particularly against tetranychid mites.
Shortly after, the false mite was found to occur throughout the major wine grape areas in central Chile.
breviplapus Tenuipalpidae and the plant viruses they transmit. Often the real injury occurs at this phenological stage of the crop, represented by the cracking of bark and wilting of new leaves.
The saliva brevipalpue toxic to the plant. Six pairs of short dorsolateral setae, of which five pairs are strictly hysterosomal and the sixth pair is humeral Jeppson et al. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in brevipal;us web browser that you are using.
Due to its small size it is common for mobile forms and eggs to be overlooked on the lower part of the foliage; overwintering populations that move to the young shoots and leaflets as soon as they begin to emerge produce the main economic damage.
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USA quarantine fumigation measures have been extended to citrus and kiwifruits Actinidia deliciosawhereas cherimoyas Annona cherimola and other citrus fruits must be treated with wax Gonzalez, Retrieved from ” https: It has not yet been found in unmanaged environments, grasslands or forest.
However, in terms of physiological damage to the host, the wine grape is still the most recurrent. Due to its small size it is common for mobile forms and eggs to be overlooked on the lower part of the foliage; overwintering populations that move to the young shoots brevipqlpus leaflets as soon as they begin to emerge produce the main economic damage.
Both polyphagous species show a preference for the privet plant Ligustrum sinense.