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Noma is an opportunistic infection promoted by extreme poverty. It evolves rapidly from a gingival inflammation to grotesque orofacial gangrene. Cancrum oris. Prevalence: Unknown; Inheritance: ; Age of onset: Childhood; ICD A; OMIM: ; UMLS: C; MeSH: D; GARD: Cancrum oris or noma (from the Greek nomein, “to devour”)1 is a “gangrenous affection of the mouth, especially attacking children in whom the constitution is.

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The versatility of pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps in the reconstruction of cancrum oris defects of children and adolescents.

Noma can also affect the genitals, spreading to the genital skin this is sometimes called noma pudendi. BV4 non- proteobacterial G- primarily A00—A79—, — Clinical description In addition to the severe facial odis, children with noma often present with rhinolalia aperta, uncontrollable drooling, and socially handicapping halitosis. Children and other noma survivors in Africa are helped by a few international charitable organizationssuch as Facing Africaa UK registered charity that helps affected Ethiopian, and Swiss charity Winds of Hope.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Noma (disease)

Oirs glands Benign lymphoepithelial lesion Ectopic salivary gland tissue Frey’s syndrome HIV salivary gland disease Necrotizing sialometaplasia Mucocele Ranula Pneumoparotitis Salivary duct stricture Salivary gland aplasia Salivary gland atresia Salivary gland diverticulum Salivary gland fistula Salivary gland hyperplasia Salivary gland hypoplasia Salivary gland neoplasms Benign: Cancgum is a gangrenous disease that causes severe destruction of the soft and osseous tissues of the face.


Retrieved from ” https: Noma causes sudden tissue destruction that rapidly gets worse. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Management and treatment The management of acute noma is aimed at improving the health status introduction of a balanced diet and vitamin supplements, and sufficient hydration of affected individuals and providing topical care.

Case report and literature review. A type of malnutrition called Kwashiorkor cancrhm, and other forms of severe protein malnutrition Poor sanitation and dirty living conditions Disorders such as measles or leukemia Living in a developing country. Children in Asia and some countries of South America are also highly affected.

Antibiotics are recommended to prevent the often lethal complications associated with infection and to help limit extension of the lesion. Summary Epidemiology Its exact prevalence is unknown.

With improvements in hygiene and nutrition, noma has disappeared from industrialized cancru since the 20th century, except during World War II when it was endemic to Auschwitz and Belsen concentration camps. In other oriz, such as Ethiopiainternational charities work in collaboration with the local health care system to provide complex reconstructive surgery which can give back facial functions such as eating, speaking and smiling.

Plastic surgery may be necessary to remove destroyed tissues and reconstruct facial bones. Its exact prevalence is unknown.

Noma (disease) – Wikipedia

The mucous membranes of the mouth develop ulcersand rapid, painless tissue degeneration ensues, which can degrade tissues of the bones in the face. The disease was present in the Western kris up until orls start of the 20th century, but it now mainly affects children between 2 and 6 years of age living in the poorest regions of the world. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us.


Adenosquamous carcinoma Basaloid squamous carcinoma Mucosal melanoma Spindle cell carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Verrucous carcinoma Oral florid papillomatosis Oral melanosis Smoker’s melanosis Pemphigoid Benign mucous membrane Pemphigus Plasmoacanthoma Stomatitis Aphthous Denture-related Herpetic Smokeless tobacco keratosis Submucous fibrosis Ulceration Riga—Fede disease Verruca vulgaris Verruciform xanthoma White sponge nevus.

Bacterial Infections Read more.

Chlamydophila Chlamydophila psittaci Psittacosis Chlamydophila pneumoniae. Other Eagle syndrome Hemifacial hypertrophy Facial hemiatrophy Oral manifestations of systemic disease. It is often reported as a sequela to acute necrotising ulcerative cwncrum.

Noma: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Deltopectoral flap raised to form the outer lining Click here to view. These ulcers have a foul-smelling drainage.

Indian J Plast Surg ; Disorders of the Mucous membranes. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. The disease leads to social exclusion of affected children: Cancrum oris or noma is a rapidly spreading gangrenous stomatitis which occurs chiefly in debilitated or malnourished children, destroying the soft and cancdum tissue structures.

Sushil Subedi, Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon and the head of Department. Sitemap What’s New Feedback Disclaimer. Photograph of the patient with the nasogastric tube Click here to view.