Erythema elevatum diutinum (EED) is a rare, chronic dermatosis that is characterized by red–violet to red–brown papules, plaques, and. Erythema elevatum diutinum (EED) is a chronic form of leukocytoclastic vasculitis consisting of violaceous, red-brown, or yellowish papules. Erythema elevatum diutinum. Authoritative facts about the skin from DermNet New Zealand.

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Erythema elevatum diutinum EED is a chronic and rare dermatosis that is considered to be a variant of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Questions To access free multiple choice questions on this topic, click here. Neurotoxoplasmosis of the central nervous system was diagnosed by means of computed tomography of the head, and the patient was hospitalized for 15 days for treatment.

Erythema elevatum diutinum–a report of two unusual patients.

Eritema elevatum diutinum as a differential diagnosis of rheumatic diseases: case report.

The severity of EED does not, however, appear to be dependent on the total paraprotein levels. The patient was no longer using dapsone and dermatological examination showed only residual lesions. This leads to repetitive damage to the vessels and ultimately develops into fibrosis. Vascular-related cutaneous conditions Cutaneous condition stubs.

D ICD – Nodules removed from hand. How to cite this article. In addition, antiretroviral therapy should be introduced in these cases, in association with dapsone, which is the drug of choice for the treatment of EED.

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New author database being installed, click here for details. Retrieved from ” https: There was no history of streptococcal infection, hematological disorders or autoimmune disease. Immune complex deposition results in complement activation, neutrophilic infiltration, and the release of destructive enzymes.

None Date of first submission: The findings appreciated on examination of the skin may be seen due to deposition of immune complexes in small vessels, which leads to activation of complement, the influx of neutrophils, and the emission of destructive enzymes. Erythema elevatum diutinum, cryoglobulinaemia, and fixed urticaria on cooling. Review [Erythema elevatum diutinum.

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The first case had a history of rheumatic disease but the other patients were associated with hepatitis C infections and with elevated levels of Ig A. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Erythema elevatum diutinum presenting with a giant annular pattern. Sign in via OpenAthens. The trunk is usually spared.

Support Center Support Center. Dapsone is considered the drug of choice for EED, mainly because of its rapid onset of action and clinical experience has shown good responses. Sulfone therapy in the treatment of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. StatPearls Publishing; Jan. None Conflict of interest: In general, their overall condition is not compromised.

Paraproteinaemia in erythema elevatum diutinum. Extracellular cholesterol deposits may be observed in the fibrotic tissue.


Simultaneous occurrence of two rare cutaneous markers of poor prognosis in myelodysplastic syndrome: It is probable that immune complex deposition occurs in vessel walls, 1 secondary to streptococcal infections 4 and hematological 3,5 and autoimmune diseases.

These lesions are usually symmetrically distributed on the extensor surfaces of the extremities. Late-stage nodular erythema elevatum diutinum. An earlier onset occurs more often in the setting of HIV infection. Skin inflammatory nontumor Dermal perivascular and vasculopathic reaction patterns Erythema elevatum diutinum Author: There is still controversy about the etiology of EED. Views Read Edit View history.

Eritema elevatum diutinum | Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas

Regardless of treatment, the recurrence rate of EED is high if the underlying triggering factors are not controlled. We established treatment with dapsona and we discussed its evolution. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate in patients with EED is often elevated.

Livedoid vasculitis Livedoid dermatitis Perinatal gangrene of the buttock Malignant atrophic papulosis Sneddon’s syndrome. Show details Treasure Island FL: Antimicrobials, such as tetracyclines, are thought to alter neutrophil chemotaxis and phagocytosis, suppressing neutrophil chemotaxis and random migration in vivo.