Gprof is a performance analysis tool for Unix applications. It used a hybrid of instrumentation Another implementation was written as part of the GNU project for GNU GPROF output consists of two parts: the flat profile and the call graph. Gprof is a profiling program which collects and arranges statistics on your lly, it looks Write hate-mail to gnu (but don’t tell them I told you to). If you are a programmer, who writes code in C, Pascal, or Fortran77 programming language and uses Linux as the development platform, youll be glad to.

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thee The second part of the output is the textual call graph, which shows for each function who called it parent and who it called child subroutines. If broken down to the last bit, performance testing effectively tests how much time a particular piece of code – say a function – is consuming.

It is this file which contains all the information that the Gprof tool requires to produce a human-readable profiling data.

So, we’ll start off with a C language program, which we’ll be profiling through Gprof. If the program consists of more than one source file then the -pg option should be used when compiling each source file, and used again when linking the object files to create the final executable as shown above. A call to the monitor function ‘mcount’ is inserted before each function call. Forgetting to link with the option -pg is a common error, which prevents profiling from recording any useful information.


We will use gprof to examine the performance of a small numerical program which computes the lengths of sequences occurring in the unsolved Collatz conjecture in mathematics. In this tutorial, we’ll be discussing the details of how you can download, install, and use this tool. Unlike prof, gprof is capable of limited call graph collecting and printing.

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The mcount function may not be thread-safe in some implementations, so multi-threaded application profiles can be incorrect typically it only bnu the main thread of application.

Download and Install Gprof Gprof Usage. So, if through performance testing, we can enhance the performance of these functions in code, the overall performance of the software becomes better.

How to install and use profiling tool Gprof on Linux

If a value is n times the sampling period, the expected error in the value is gprfo square root of n sampling periods. Log in or Sign up. So, now use the Gprof tool in the following way:. Sampling data is saved in ‘gmon. There’s no doubt that testing is an integral and one of the most important aspects of the software development process. The source file ‘collatz. Gprof is a performance analysis tool for Unix applications. This page was fprof edited on 21 Decemberat Not to be confused with the perfect hash function generator gperf.


Here’s the flat profile in my case:. The flat profile gives the total execution time spent in each function and its percentage of the total running time. The other columns in the output gun information on the total number of function calls made, and the time spent in each function. It used a hybrid of instrumentation and sampling [1] and was created profiller an extended version of the older “prof” tool.

Here’s what the man page of Gprof says about information under these two sections:.

The next step is to launch that executable. Else you can install it using the following command:. This feature is only available to subscribers.

How to install and use profiling tool Gprof on Linux

In case you want this information to be omitted from the output, you can use the -b option provided by Gprof. Function call counts are also reported. In case you already use Gprof, and want to share something related to the tool profilee everyone here, just drop in a comment below.