PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version P. 15 mar. O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs. começa em nível teórico na introdução de “Morte e Vida das Grandes Cidades”. Apesar de. In this indispensable book, urban visionary Jane Jacobs – renowned author of The Death and Life of Great Jacobs pinpoints five pillars of our culture that are in serious decay: community and family; higher Morte e vida de grandes cidades.

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It is not so much about keeping in touch with the neighbors, but rather about interaction on the street, at the bus stops or in shops. Lastly, Jacobs advocates a high degree of concentration of people in one place.

Quem planeja? O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs

The fact is that this cisades on the small scale results in the critical mass which is necessary to maintain an equally varied supply of local facilities. If we looked more at biology, she makes the New Yorkers conclude, we could develop an economic system that is not just efficient, but also ecologically justified. The Question of Separatism Random House, New York p. In discussions on her book, Jacobs is usually accused of not conforming to the scientific discourse, the prevailing paradigms and the relevant literature.

Despite their interdependence, the two sorts of morals need to be kept strictly separate, according to Jjane. During recent decades the easy way out was often chosen in city planning – with grandea and mono-functionality in the urban area as a result.

Fico impressionada com a atualidade desse livro de Paradoxically, that common sense especially makes her a radical thinker. Robert Moses, a powerful commissioner in New York at that time, for example, supported a policy in which small scale and lively neighborhoods must be replaced by megalomaniac projects like business centers, motorways and skyscrapers. This practical logic is not appreciated by many Canadians.

Bem-vindo a Escola de Redes Registre-se ou acesse. According to Jacobs, however, cities already existed before humankind even started with agriculture; in fact, it was the cities that have made agricultural activities possible. The fondness for fundamental issues that Jacobs developed in the nineties is also clear from her most recent book, which she ominously titled Dark Age Ahead Carlosmuchas gracias.


It is therefore not surprising that her work has caused the usual reactions. Jane Jacobs has created a theory of the jacobw of networks of small producers meshed together by their interdependent functions, and has collected some grzndes evidence to support her claims. That is why Jacobs does not want to be called an expert or authority, but rather an “author. Here, factory, industry and port areas are not just destroyed; instead, they reuse these buildings more and more as multi-company buildings, museums or living space.

Despite or maybe because of her unsystematic way of working, her books are a pleasure to read: Finally, there is one book that stands separate from the others because of its focus on the Canadian province Quebec: Apart from what Jacobs has written about cities, her work on fundamental values is very topical.

More and more municipalities in Europe – whether or not consciously – use her ideas successfully.

didades Para surpresa geral, encontrou dezenove. The basic idea is that certain relatively backward cities in the past, Venice when it was still subordinated to Byzantium, or the network New York-Boston-Philadelphia when still a supply zone for the British empire, engage in what she calls, import-substitution dynamics.

JANE JACOBS – Escola de Redes

The worrisome thing however, is that these societal pillars are deteriorating now, especially in the United States. Todas as mensagens do blog Meu blog Adicionar. The cross-fertilization which results from that diversity works as a magnet for companies that are looking for a new place to establish themselves.

In Cities and the Wealth of Nations Jacobs goes one step further in the praise of the city: If there are enough “eyes on the street,” she claims, crime is not given a chance and the collective feeling of security increases. In neighborhoods with a mix of functions, however, throughout the day these facilities are needed which in itself starts a process of reinforcement.

We have to take for granted that her analyses are therefore sometimes slightly naive, subjective and romantic. This vision is naturally slightly exaggerated. In order to indicate these loose neighborhood networks, Jacobs talks about “social capital,” a term which is very popular nowadays among city governors.


Exactly the city planners and economists that Jacobs criticizes value their education, and therefore they seldom take non-colleagues seriously. On the contrary, Jacobs takes every opportunity to bring forward her opinion on topical political questions, orally and in writing. If in a neighborhood there is only activity at night, or in the morning, as in many business or commuter areas, activities like hotel and catering, culture and retail trade hardly get the chance to blossom.

In science, for example, interesting results are achieved with the method of “bio mimicry” propagated by Jacobs: For a healthy development of society, traders and guards need each other – without trade there is no prosperity and without maintenance of law and order after all no trade. A part of this material is published in the biography Ideas that Matter: This societal involvement resulted in the book The Question of Separatism and articles in national newspapers and magazines.

Nonlinear computer simulations have been created of this process, and they confirm Jacobs’ intuition: Furthermore, the development of the Japanese bicycle industry is used as an example: If it were up to her, this would not be not the last book she writes.

For her a city is not something abstract. From the title of her first book The Death and Life of Great American Cities it is clear that she prefers to use a biological metaphor: Jacobs still has a love-hate relation towards writing: Because private and public values often exclude one another, it should civades taken into account that if they are mixed there will be value conflicts, according to Jacobs.