Loi n° 15/ du 1eraoût portant modalités d’application des droits de la femme . des listes électorales dans les conditions prévues par la Loi électorale. PACEC: Projet d’appui au processus électoral en RDC .. o La loi n°15/ du 12 février , valant loi électorale, modifiant et. 28 juil. Conformément à l’article de la loi électorale en vigueur en , la caution était payée par liste et non par siège au montant de FC.
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Bemba has the profile to mount a electorlae bid for top office. In short, there are multiple possibilities countrywide for unscrupulous politicians to play communities against one another. For Kabila, or a successor he picks from his inner circle or the ruling majority, Bemba is a elecctorale threat, but his return could also present an opportunity to split the opposition vote.
Hide Footnote Here again lawmakers reaffirmed their authority as a check on executive power.
Ideally, of course, Kabila will step aside and permit opposition leaders to run. If the vote is any guide, Bemba could expect to gather strong support in main urban areas — in particular Kinshasa — eledtorale well as in his home turf in the north-western former Equateur province which was divided in into five provinces: In districts where no one list attains an absolute majority, proportional representation would be retained, with lists receiving seats based on their vote totals.
DR Congo’s Electoral Law for Choosing Continuity | Crisis Group
That a number of opposition leaders maintain the aura of being presidential hopefuls to strengthen their hand in intra-opposition negotiations further complicates efforts to arrive at a consensus. Despite his acquittal, Bemba was not immediately freed because he is still awaiting final sentence in the separate case in which he was found guilty of influencing witnesses in relation to the principal case.
Bemba also has a strong national stature and is as well placed as Katumbi to attract allies and position himself at the centre of a countrywide coalition. Moreover electorae provinces saw demands to extend it elsctorale the opposition has denounced irregularities.
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Although rejecting major changes, the legislature nevertheless introduced several innovations to the new electoral law: Scared by prospects of an increased dominant ruling party [fn] Interview by Crisis Group with a politician from the presidential majority, Kinshasa, 4 June Perhaps most important, it proposed changes to the way in which deputies are elected.
And, last but not least, is Kabila willing to cede power and not contest the vote? As influential opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi and his party, the Union for Democracy and Social Progress UPDSboycotted the elections, Bemba was the uncontested candidate of the west as Kabila dominated in the east. According to the existing voting system for the lower house, deputies are elected by proportional representation with open lists eelctorale districts, which each elect between one rdcc four deputies depending on their number of registered voters.
Regarding the charge of witness tampering, Bemba has already served over 80 per cent of the maximum sentence of five years, given that he was served an arrest warrant in November Related Tags Democratic Republic of Congo. On 15 June the Congolese Parliament adopted, after nearly three months of debate, the new electoral law. Tshisekedi, who remains untested, is trying to follow the footsteps of his father, Etienne, who passed away in February Hide Footnote Crucially, voter registration influences the political weight of provinces, given that the electprale of seats per province is determined by their numbers of voters.
In MarchBemba was convicted by the ICC and sentenced to eighteen years in prison on two counts of crimes against humanity and three counts of war crimes.
Hide Footnote rumours that the proposed electoral law would seek to exclude certain candidates on the basis of their age, residency or tax returns were persistent. Paradoxically, changing the electoral law has been more difficult than changing the constitution.
On the other hand, some regional leaders may regard Bemba warily, given his mixed record in the region. Coalition building is important for parliamentary dlectorale provincial elections as parties will have to meet the respective electoral thresholds they need 1 per cent of votes nationwide to qualify for parliamentary seats and 3 per cent of provincial votes for provincial council seats.
Regulating the cooptation of traditional village chiefs and their de-politicisation. The adoption of the electoral law by both houses of the national assembly rfc not signify that the legal framework for elections is complete. The ruling party expected the legislature to take only a few days to rubber stamp its changes, but instead parliamentarians spent three months over the bill, during which they amended it extensively.
Parliamentary Resistance The ruling party expected the legislature to take only a few days to rubber stamp its changes, ekectorale instead parliamentarians spent three months over the bill, rvc which they amended it extensively. This would increase prospects of an opposition vote splintered among different major candidates, each largely relying of votes from their respective regional strongholds.
On 4 July ekectorale, a memorandum by the opposition party UDPS complaining of voter registration irregularities gave rise to the first clash between police and protesters in Kinshasa.
Hide Footnote As in some other African countries, [fn] From South Africa to Chad, attempts at politicizing traditional chieftains by political powers are numerous. For a recent example in Chad, cf. Part poi party, part armed group, the MLC allied itself with Uganda and occupied most of the north of the country in the subsequent civil war. He scored strongly in the west, north, Kasai and Kinshasa. Bemba will still have to register in-country as a elextorale to be allowed to participate in the election as a candidate.
Reversing a Dangerous Decision. Who is Jean-Pierre Bemba? A delay would be all the more problematic given that voter registration — which is nearing its end — has taken longer than expected. Under the de facto leadership of Senate President Kengo wa Dondo these forces thus far have failed to challenge Kabila.
Furthermore the constitutional principle of parity between men and women [fn] Article 14 of the constitution of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Official Journal, 18 February The Next High-risk Area?
The court thus called a status conference in his case on 12 June, and provisionally released him until his final sentence is decided on 4 July Its Article modified the current system of proportional representation.
Any attempt by the electorae to extend his tenure would likely provoke a major political crisis. His likely re-entry into Congolese politics will shake up the campaign ahead of elections slated for December That said, a more competitive contest could also prove a flashpoint for violence and will make it all the more important that Congolese citizens and lo regard the vote as credible.
Hide Footnote In districts where one list receives an absolute majority more than 50 per cent of votes, that list would take all seats. International actors must remain focused on persuading Kabila to stand aside and for elections to take place in December, as scheduled.