Maerua crassifolia Forssk. [family CAPPARACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Resource. Maerua crassifolia Forssk., Fl. Aegypt-Arab. Blatter & Hallb. in J. Ind. Bot. ; Pax & Hoffm., l.c. ; Elffers et al, l.c. 40; Hedge & Lamond. Learn more about the Maerua – with amazing Maerua photos and facts on Arkive.

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The wood is very hard and is used to make poles, handles, ploughs, water-troughs and staves.

The integration of browse plants within pastoral and agropastoral systems in Africa. Leaves are oblong and ovate, variable in shape and size, usually mm long and mm broad, somewhat fleshy, glabrous and almost sessile. Fodder plants in the Sahel zone of Africa.

Maerua crassifolia

Fruit a cylindrical capsule up to 5 —7 cm long, markedly contracted between the seeds, grey to brown, densely pubescent, up to seeded. By using this site, you agree to the Terms crasslfolia Use and Privacy Policy. Atil Maerua crassifoliaaerial part, fresh. Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. However, incubated samples in rumen-fistulated camels and goats showed a low DM disappearance rate Rahim, X Close Image credit.

To memorialise these ideas, the Egyptians offered some leaves of balanite, Maerua crassifolia and Moringa to the divine host of the Edfu temple. Retrieved from ” https: Wood Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Oxford records two forms with different vernacular names: This results in drastic reduction of tick numbers and diarrhoea.


The 18th-century taxonomist was Peter Forskalwho visited Yemen in the s. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa Introduction. The role of browses in the Sahelian and Sudanian zones. In Congo the sap from the warmed root is used as eardrops to treat inflamed ears. Throughout its area of distribution Maerua crassifolia has medicinal uses.

Nutrient content of the edible leaves of seven wild crassfolia from Niger.

Atil (Maerua crassifolia) | Feedipedia

In the Sudan bark is used for purification of water. Atil Maerua crassifoliaaerial part, dry Atil Maerua crassifoliaaerial part, fresh.

A macerate of crushed fresh leaves is mixed with butter and is given as a cure for diarrhoea. It is ccrassifolia as a common nutrition source in central Africa, where it is called jiga and made into soups and other dishes. In the 18th century the plant’s Arabic name Meru was used as the source for the genus name Maerua.

The standard author abbreviation Chiov.

Maerua crassifolia in Flora of Pakistan @

In Yemen, John Mxerua. Afrique Maerka 3 2: It may NOT be used within Apps. Proto-alkaloids with a pyrrolidine moiety are thought to be responsible for the antiplasmodial activity. As a browse it is a feed for all species of livestock except horses. In very arid lands Arabian Peninsulatrees are left half-dead after grazing Chaudhary et al.

In West Africa unspecified parts are used in a mixture with other plants to treat syphilis.

The ranges of maerrua of these taxa overlap in southern and western Arabia. However, in North Africa intensive use is the cause for inadequate regeneration and poorly developed trees.


The chemical composition and digestibility of fodder shrubs and trees. The wood is soft, fibrous, hard, white and is used for carving in Nigeria. Terms of Use – The displayed portlet may be used as a link from amerua website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only.

The leaves can be cooked in butter or animal fat before application Ag Arya, The nutritional composition on dry weight basis of the leaves browsed by camels varied by season. Maerua crassifolia is a species of plant in the Capparaceae family.

Maerua crassifolia Forssk.

Shifting sand covers and suffocates seedlings and thus the area of distribution decreases. Eye inflammations of camels are treated with eye drops made by chewing leaves and pressing the liquid from the chewed leaves through a muslin.

Small, spreading, much-branched tree up to c. Cookies help us deliver our services. This page was last modified on 20 Octobercrassifoliw In Niger the strongly-scented leaves have been analysed for nutritional parameters and compared with other wild leafy vegetables. As it is intensively used in northern Africa, protection measures are needed to ensure the species maintains its distribution area.

Both tribes fumigate containers with a burning stick and state it produces a good smell.